White paper on "Hong Kong: Democratic Progress Under the Framework of One Country, Two Systems"
The State Council Information Office published on 20 December 2021 the white paper on "Hong Kong: Democratic Progress under the Framework of One Country, Two Systems".
The white paper is of profound importance and, taking the opportunity of the successful running of the first Legislative Council election following the improved electoral system, clearly shows that the Central Government is committed to developing democracy in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). It underscores that the Central Government has been supporting democratic development in the HKSAR in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Basic Law since Hong Kong's return to the Motherland in 1997.
As mentioned in the white paper, there is no "one size fits all" in the development of democracy, nor a single superior model. The HKSAR is an inalienable part of the People's Republic of China and has been integrated into the national governance system since its return to the Motherland. Democratic development of the HKSAR must conform to the constitutional order as enshrined in the Constitution and the Basic Law and adhere to the principle of "One Country, Two Systems", while taking account of the actual situation of Hong Kong. The Basic Law stipulates the key elements of the HKSAR's democratic system, its principles and the way forward, as well as the ultimate goal of "dual universal suffrage" for the Chief Executive and the Legislative Council. The new electoral system under the principle of 'patriots administering Hong Kong'; manifests broad representation, balanced participation, political inclusiveness and fair competition, enabling electors to vote freely and make choices.
The Central Government emphasises in the white paper that it will continue to develop and improve democracy in Hong Kong in line with the actual situation and in accordance with the Constitution, the Basic Law, and the relevant decisions of the National People's Congress and its Standing Committee; and it will work with all social groups, sectors and stakeholders towards the ultimate goal of election by universal suffrage of the Chief Executive and all members of the Legislative Council.